Let be some cuspidal Hecke eigenform, with associated Galois representation . A notorious conjecture of Greenberg asserts that if is abelian (i.e. is a direct sum of characters), then is a CM form, or equivalently is induced from a character. At some point I was talking about this with Barry Mazur, and he suggested a possible generalization:

Let be an irreducible geometric Galois representation. Suppose that is a direct sum of characters. Is induced from a character?

Emerton found a nice argument which proves Greenberg’s conjecture conditionally on some kind of -adic variational Hodge conjecture. Is there any similar evidence for this question in some higher-dimensional cases?

Do separated etale maps of schemes satisfy effective descent with respect to fpqc covers? This is known if one restricts to quasi-compact separated etale maps. An analogous result is true for perfectoid spaces.

Here’s a funny story I heard from Glenn Stevens a while back:

At some point in the early ’90s, before he announced his proof of Fermat, Wiles came to Boston and gave a seminar talk at BU. He spoke about what is now known as the Greenberg-Wiles duality formula. However, he didn’t mention his main motivations for this formula. The upshot is that Stevens came away from the talk with the sad feeling that Wiles had lost his touch.