(Update 12/24: Unfortunately the argument below doesn’t work as written. I overlooked the following detail in my “proof” that is open: if is a surjective continuous map of finite spaces, it’s not necessarily true that is surjective. For instance, if is the spectrum of a DVR and is equipped with the discrete topology, then has three points but has two.
For the argument below to work, it would be enough to know that for any open subset , its image in contains an open subset. Is this true?
In any case, the Corollary is still true, although by a totally different argument.)
I spent about six hours yesterday and today proving the following thing.
Lemma. Let be a spectral space, and let be a closed generalizing nowhere-dense subset of . Then is nowhere-dense for the constructible topology on , i.e. doesn’t contain any nonempty constructible subset of .
This has the following concrete consequence, which is what I really needed.
Corollary. Let be some Tate-Huber pair with adic spectrum , and let be a Zariski-closed nowhere-dense subset. Suppose and are quasicompact open subsets of such that . Then .
Proof of Corollary. We need to check that is empty. But is a constructible subset of contained in , so this is immediate from the lemma.
Amusingly, even though this corollary is pretty down-to-earth, I only managed to prove it by proving the lemma, and I only managed to prove the lemma by exploiting the structure of the w-localization of . Is there a more direct approach? Am I missing something obvious?
(Sketch of actual argument: the profinite set of closed points maps homeomorphically onto equipped with the constructible topology, so if is constructible it is clopen when viewed as a subset of . The key point is then to check that is nowhere-dense when viewed as a subset of . This can be done, using that the natural surjection is open and that (which is then closed, generalizing and nowhere-dense in , the last point by openness of ) is the preimage of its image in .
The openness of doesn’t seem to be stated in the literature, but it can be deduced from the proof of Lemma 2.1.10 in Bhatt-Scholze, using the fact that it’s obviously true for finite spaces.)
You may have noticed that RIMS is hosting a series of four workshops next year under the umbrella of a “RIMS Research Project” entitled Expanding Horizons of Inter-universal Teichmuller Theory. The first of the workshops looks pretty reasonable, the other three not so much. In case you’re wondering (as I did) how much money RIMS is ponying up for this, it seems to be capped at 5 million yen, or about $41k (according to e.g. this document). This doesn’t seem like very much money to support four workshops; I guess some funding is also coming from that infamous EPSRC grant.
Anyway, when you’re inside a black hole, your horizons might seem quite expansive indeed, but I doubt you’ll have much luck convincing others to join you.